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  General Introduction
General Introduction of Zhejiang Province

  Zhejiang Province is located on the southeast coast of China south of the Yangtze River Delta. Spanning 27°02'-31°11' north latitude and 118°01'-123°10' east longitude, it borders the East China Sea in the east, Fujian in the south, Jiangxi and Anhui in the west, and Shanghai and Jiangsu in the north.

  Covering a land area of 105,500 square kilometers, about 1.1% of the country's land area, it is one of the smaller provinces in China. The straight line distance between east and west and north and south is both about 450 kilometers. Of the land area of the province, mountains account for 74.63%, the water surface accounts for 5.05%, and the plain area accounts for 20.32%. Therefore, there is a saying that Zhejiang has “seven portions of mountains, one portion of water and two portions of fields”. Covering an ocean area of 260,000 square kilometers, it has the largest number of islands in the country, including 2,878 islands with an area of more than 500 square meters, and 26 islands with an area of more than 10 square kilometers. Zhoushan Island is the fourth largest island in China, with an area of 502.65 square kilometers. In the “2016 China Top Island List”, Zhejiang has 21 islands on the list, accounting for 1/5 of the total.

  With a complex topography, the terrain of Zhejiang is tilted from the southwest to the northeast. There are roughly three parallel mountain ranges from southwest to northeast. The northwest range extends from Huaiyu Mountain at the junction of Zhejiang and Jiangxi to Tianmu Mountain and Qianligang Mountain; the middle range extends from Xianxia Ridge at the junction of Zhejiang and Fujian to Siming Mountain, Kuaiji Mountain and Tiantai Mountain, and finally the Zhoushan Islands in the sea; the southeast range extends from Donggong Mountain at the junction of Zhejiang and Fujian to Dayang Mountain, Kuocang Mountain and Yandang Mountain. Huangmaojian, at an altitude of 1,929 meters in Longquan City, is the highest peak in Zhejiang.

  The water system mainly includes eight rivers: the Qiantang River, the Oujiang River, the Lingjiang River, the Tiaoxi River, the Yongjiang River, the Feiyun River, the Aojiang River, and the Cao’e River, and the Zhejiang section of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal. The Qiantang River is the largest river in Zhejiang Province, which has two sources, the south source and the north source. It is 668 kilometers long from the north source to the sea, with 425 kilometers in Zhejiang Province. It is 612 kilometers long from the south source to the sea, all in the territory of Zhejiang Province. There are mainly four great lakes in Zhejiang: the West Lake in Hangzhou, the East Lake in Shaoxing, the South Lake in Jiaxing, and the Dongqian Lake in Ningbo. The Thousand-Island Lake is the largest artificial lake formed after the completion of the Xin'anjiang Hydropower Station.

  In terms of topography, Zhejiang can be roughly divided into 6 areas: the Northern Plains, the Western Hills, the Eastern Hills, the Central Jin-Qu Basin, the Southern Mountains, and the Southeast Coastal Plains and Coastal Islands.

  Located in the middle of the subtropical zone, Zhejiang has a monsoon humid climate with moderate temperatures, four distinct seasons, abundant sunshine and plentiful rainfall. Its average annual temperature is between 15 °C and 18 °C, its annual sunshine hours are between 1100-2200 hours, and its average annual precipitation is between 1100-2000 mm. The lowest temperature comes in January, and the highest comes in July. Rainfalls come mostly in May and June. Due to the influence of the ocean, the temperature and humidity conditions are superior to those of the inland monsoon regions at the same latitude, and it is one of the regions with relatively superior natural conditions in China.

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