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Statistical Communiqué of Zhejiang Province on the 2014 National Economic and Social Development
2015-05-01 16:44:15

Statistics Bureau of Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Investigation Team of National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China

  In 2014, Zhejiang Province thoroughly applied the strategic deployment from the central government, provincial CPC committee and provincial government amid the growth deceleration and global economic challenge and complexity. With transformation and upgrade as the overarching principle, Zhejiang’s committed to promoting reform, transformation, environment protection and eventually people’s well-being, pushing on major projects such as“Harnessing Five Waters”, “Three Renovations and One Demolition”, “Four Replacements and Three Brand Names”, and“TheReturn of Zhejiang Businessmen”. These efforts have yielded positive results: our province has maintained steady and robust economic development with major economic indexes showing medium and high growth rates,economic structure and effectiveness on the upand people’s well-being keeping improving.

I. General Outlook

  According to preliminary accounting, the gross domestic product (GDP)of the whole year reached 4.0154 trillion yuan, up by 7.6 percent over the previous year(See Figure 1). Of this total, the value-added of the primary industry was 177.9 billion yuan, up by 1.4 percent, that of the secondary industry was 1.9153 trillion yuan, up by 7.1 percent and that of the tertiary industry amounted to 1.9222 trillion yuan, an increase of 8.7 percent. The per capita GDP added up to 72,967 yuan(or11,878 US dollarsas translated according to the average exchange rate in 2014), a rise of 7.3%. The value-added ratio of the first, secondary and tertiary industry shifted to 4.4:47.7:47.9 from 4.7:47.8:47.5. In this regard, the tertiary industry surpassed the secondary industryfor the first time.

  The consumer prices in 2014 rose by 2.1 percent over the previous year(See Figure 3). Among other things, the prices for food went up by 3.1 percent(See Table 1) and the prices for retail sale increased by 0.9 percent. The producer prices for farm products were down by 0.2 percent.The producer prices and the purchasing prices for manufactured goods decreased by 1.2 percent and 1.8 percent respectively,while the prices of investment in fixed assetsrose by 0.6%.

Table 1 Changes in Consumer Price Indexes in 2014

(Indexesin 2013 set at 100)

Provincial Average

Urban

Rural

The overall consumer price indexes

102.1

102.0

102.2

A. Foods

103.1

103.1

103.2

  Cereals

101.8

101.5

102.3

B. Tobacco and alcohol

99.6

99.7

99.5

C. Clothing

101.8

102.1

100.7

D. Household appliances and maintenance services

101.5

101.4

101.5

E. Medical, health care and personal articles

101.9

102.2

101.3

F. Transportation and telecommunications

99.7

99.6

100.0

G. Recreational, educational, cultural articles and services

102.2

102.0

102.7

H. Housing

102.4

102.2

103.1

  2014 witnessed an increase of8.9% in the general budget revenue totaling 752.2 billion yuan with a growth rate of1.1% over the previous year. The local general budget revenue added up to 412.1 billion yuan, up 8.5% year-on-year, with the growth rate decreasing by 1.8% over the previous year.

  The newly increased urban employed population totaled 1.074 million among which0.418 million unemployed people in urban areas were re-employed. At the end of 2014, the urban registered unemployment rate was 2.96%, down 0.05% compared with that of 2013.

II. Agriculture and Rural Construction

  The sown area of cereals in Zhejiang reached 1267 thousand hectares, up 1% year-on-year; the per-unit area yield of cereals were 5979 kilograms per hectare and their total yield 7.57 million tons, with an increase of 2.1% and 3.2% on a year-on-year basis, respectively (See Table 2).The sown area of rapeseeds amounted to 155 thousand hectares, with a decrease of 2.9% over the previous year and that of vegetables was 620 thousand hectares, up 0.2% year-on-year; that of flowers and seedlings, 138 thousand hectares, rising 5.1% year-on-year; that of crude drugs, 33 thousand hectares with an increase of 3.0% year-on-year; that of fruit melons, 101 thousand hectares, increasing 0.2% year-on-year.

  At the end of this year, the pigs registered in stock totaled 9.65 million and the pigs slaughtered 17.25 million, dropping25.1% and 9.0% over the previous year respectively. The total output of meat reached 1.56 million tons, down9.9% year-on-year and the total output of aquatic products 5.75 million tons, up 3.5% year-on-year, of which the output of seafood was4.68 million tons with an increase of 4.6% andthe output of freshwater products was 1.07 million tons, dropping by 0.7%.

Table 2 Outputs of Major Agricultural Products in 2014

Indices

Absolute Volume (10,000 tons)

Growth Rate over 2013 (%)

Cereals

757.4

3.2

  Spring harvest

67.9

6.4

  Early-season rice

71.5

-0.3

  Autumn harvest

618.0

3.3

Rapeseeds

31.3

-1.1

Tea

16.9

0

Fruit melons

293.0

0.2

Vegetables

1764.7

1.9

  In 2014, 1457 new special areas for grain production were established, covering an area of 1.07 million mu and 6441 special areas for grain production in total were set up with a total area of 5.72 million mu. 642 areas of modern agriculture were built, covering a total area of over 3.6 million mu, among which there were 30 province-level comprehensive areas for modern agriculture, 40 province-level demonstration areas of leading industries and 126 province-level parks for featured fine agricultural products. The Emailbox system for farmers in Zhejiang has been upgraded. Up to now, the number of users has achieved 2.72 million and in the year of 2014, 0.6 billion emails and 0.9 billion text messages have been sent via the system with the total clicks on the system per day exceeding 2 million. The leading agricultural enterprises totaled 7621 and the rural land circulation rate achieved 48%. The family farms that were newly registered amounted to about 5000 and 14326 people obtained vocational qualification certificates.

  20.8 billion yuan in total were invested in the construction of “beautiful countryside”. By the end of the year, 6120 villages have carried out the treatment of domestic wastewater, whichhas benefited 1.5 million households and 1901 villages have implemented the reduction and recycling of waste. 97% of villages all over the province have fulfilled the centralized collection and treatment of domestic waste and 37% of villages have achieved the effective treatment of domestic wastewater. The percentage of benefited households amounted to 42%. In particular, 46 counties (including cities and districts) have become the models for the construction of “beautiful countryside”. There were 87 key villages and 434 regular villages under construction for the protection and utilization of historic and cultural villages. There were 856 villages for agritainment and 2336 scenic spots. The number of participants in the Quality Promotion Project for Thousands of Farmers summed up to 0.69 million.

III. Industry and Construction Sector

  The added value of industrial enterprises above the designated size totaled 1.2543 trillion yuan, up 6.9% over the previous year. Among other things, the added value of light enterprises were 540.7 billion yuan, an increase of 6.1% year-on-year and that of heavy industrial enterprises reached 713.7 billion with a 7.4% year-on-year rise (See Table 3). The added value of state-ownedand state-holding industrial enterprises hit 221.1 billion yuan with a rise of 5.9%. The sales value of industrial enterprises above the designated size was 6.4392 trillion yuan, with an increase of 5.9% over the previous year.The export delivery value of industrial enterprises above the designated size reached 1.2085 trillion yuan, up 5.2% on a year-on-year basis and the proportion of the export delivery value in the total sales value was 18.8%, a 0.1% drop year-on-year.

Table 3 Added Value of Industrial Enterprises above the Designated Size in 2014

Absolute Amount100 million yuan

Growth Rate over 2013 (%)

Total added value of industrial output

  12543

6.9

Of the Total: Light industry

  5407

6.1

  Heavy industry

  7137

7.4

Of the Total:State-owned enterprises

  646

5.4

  Limited liability enterprises

  2813

9.8

  Joint equity enterprises

  1148

7.8

  Private enterprises

  4833

6.2

Enterprises with investment from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

  1444

4.7

  Foreign-invested enterprises

  1616

6.4

Of the Total: State-owned and state-holding enterprises

  2211

5.9

  The total value of new products of industrial enterprises above the designated size added up to 1.941.5 billion yuan, up 21.6% over the previous year, and the growth rate was 15.2% higher than that of the gross industrial output value. The output rate of new products reached 29.2%, up 3.6% over the previous year. In the manufacturing industry, the added value of high-tech industrial output reached 428.3 billion yuan, up 8.5% year-on-year, taking up 34.1% of the total added value of industrial enterprises above the designated size with an increase of 0.5% over the previous year.

Table 4 Added Value of Major Industrial Sectors above the Designated Size

Added Value(100 million yuan)

Growth Rate over Previous Year (%)

High-tech Sector

  4283

8.5

Equipment ManufacturingSector

  4328

8.9

Strategic EmergingSector

  3075

8.6

High-end Equipment manufacturingSector

  296

7.1

Electronic Information Manufacturing Sector

  1134

8.2

Eight High-Energy-Consumption Sectors

  4496

4.6

Table 5 Outputs of Major Industrial Products in 2014

Unit

Absolute Volume (100 million yuan)

Growth Rate over 2013 (%)

Yarn

10,000 tons

230.0

  4.8

Fabric

100 million meters

156.2

  2.7

Synthetic Fiber

10,000 tons

1988.0

  11.3

Cigarettes

100 million

931.0

  0.8

Household Air-conditioners

10,000

679.6

  18.0

Electricity

100 million kilowatt-hours

2883.6

  4.4

Steel products

10,000 tons

4171.0

  6.7

Cement

10,000 tons

  12367.5

  -0.5

Fertilizers

10,000 tons

31.5

  4.2

Integrated Circuits

100 million pieces

60.9

  11.4

Electronic components

100 million

1018.3

  2.7

Microcomputers

10,000

191.0

  16.3

  In 2014, industrial enterprises above the designated size earned a profit of 354.4 billion yuan, up 5.1% year-on-year, among which the profit of state-owned and state-holding enterprises, joint equity enterprises, enterprises with foreign investment and investment from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and private enterprises added up to 53.6 billion yuan (down 5.5% year-on-year), 42.8 billion yuan (down5.3% year-on-year), 103.4 billion yuan (up6.3% year-on-year) and 122.1 billion yuan(up 5.5% year-on-year) respectively. The sales rate of industrial products was 96.8%, a 0.5% drop year-on-year.

  In 2014, the added value of construction sector reached 244.5 billion yuan, a 9.0% increase year-on-year. The profits made by construction enterprises qualified for general contracts and specialized contracts hit 59 billion yuan, up 11.2% year-on-year and their taxes stood at 66.0 billion yuan with an increase of 16.1%.

IV. Investment in Fixed Assets and Real Estate Sector

  In 2014, a total of 2.3555 trillionyuan was invested in fixed assets, with an increase of 16.6% over 2013.The volume of non-state-owned investment increased by 18.2% to 1.6343 trillionyuan, accounting for 69.4% of the total investment. Of the total non-state-owned investment, private investment rose by 20.1% to 1.4782 trillionyuan, taking up 62.8% of the total.

  In the investment in fixed assets, the investment in the primary industry was 26.4 billion yuan, up 31.1 percent year-on-year;the investment in the secondary industry was 792.9 billion yuan, up 12.3 percent year-on-year, of which the industrial investment stood at 787.9 billion yuan, with a12.2% year-on-year increase. The investment in strategic emerging industries stood at 219.7 billion yuan, accounting for 27.9% of the total investment in industry, with a 16.4% year-on-year rise; the investment in the tertiary industry was 1.5363 trillion yuan, up 18.8 percent(See Table 6). In 2014, there were 46,988 investment projects,an increase of 7.9% over the previous year, of which 27,675 were new projects with a year-on-year increase of 9.6%.

  In 2014, the investment in real estate development was726.2 billion yuan, up 16.8 percent over the previous year.The selling area of commodity houses totaled 46.67 million square meters, a 4.3% drop on a year-on-year basis andthe total sales of commodityhouses reached492.3 billion yuan, down by 8.8 percent.

  Table 6 Fixed Assets Investment in 2014

Investment(100 million yuan)

  Growth rate over 2013(%)

Types of investors

A. State capital

  7212

13.3

B. Non-state capital

16343

18.2

  Private capital

14782

20.1

Types of projects

A. Project investment

  16292

16.6

  Infrastructure investment

5739

21.6

B. Real-estate development investment

7262

16.8

  Investment inresidential buildings development

  4594

12.3

Types of industries

A. Agricultural investment

  264

31.1

B. Industrialinvestment

7879

12.2

  Investment in technical innovation

5420

16.2

  Investment in manufacturing

6821

11.2

  Investment in equipment manufacturing

3190

6.2

Investment in high-tech sectors

1829

11.1

  Investment in strategic emerging sectors

2197

16.4

C. Investment in architecture sector

50

35.7

D. Investment in service sector

15363

18.8

V. Domestic Trade

  Throughoutthe year of 2014, the total retail sales of consumer goods reached 1.6905 trillion yuan, a growth rate of 11.7 percent over the previous year, or a real growth rate of 10.7 percent after the deduction of price factorsSee Figure 5Of this total, the retail sales of consumer goods in urban areas stood at 1.41777 trillion yuan, up by 11.4 percent, and that in rural areas reached 272.76 billion yuan, up by 13.1 percent. From the perspective of sectors, the sales of wholesale and retail trade was 1.51795 trillion yuan, with an increase of 11.9 percent, and the sales of lodging and catering sector was 172.58 billion yuan, up by 10.1% percent.

  Of the total wholesale and retail sales of commodities by enterprises above the designated size, the year-on-year growth rate of sales for motor vehicles was 6.7 percent, that for petroleum and petroleum products 8.8 percent; for food, beverage, tobacco and liquor, 13.8 percent. The growth rate of sales for clothes, shoes, hats and textiles reached 18.9 percent; for traditional Chinese and Western medicine 16.5 percent; for daily necessities, 14.1percent; for gold, silver and jewelry, 5.1 percent;for telecommunication equipment, 10.2% percent; for furniture, 36.9%;for hardware and electrical components, 47.5% and for building and decoration materials,58.2 percent.

  The overall trading volume of 4321 registered and physical commodity markets stood at 1.95 trillion yuan, up by 9.2%.

VI. Foreign Economic Relations

  In 2014, the total volume of imports and exports amounted to 355.15 billion dollars, up 5.8% over the previous year. The volume of imports reached 81.79 billion dollars, with an decrease of 6.0% while the volume of exports stood at 273.35 billion dollars, up 9.9% over 2013 (See Table 7). The monthly average export volume reached 22.8 billion dollars, among which the monthly export volume in July of 2013 reached a record high of 26.6 billion dollars. The export volume of private enterprises amounted to 191.1 billion dollars with a year-on-year growth of 14.3%, 4.4 percentage higher than the average provincial growth rate, taking up 69.9% of the total volume of exports in the province, with an increase of 2.9% over the previous year. It took up 97.1% of the provincial growth rate.

Table 7 Main Imports and Exports in 2014

 

Absolute Volume

(100 million dollars)

Growth Rate over 2013 (%)

Total import and export volume

3551.5

5.8

Export volume

2733.5

9.9

General trade

2167.9

10.4

Processing trade

326.5

1.3

Mechanical and electronic products

1125.1

10.8

Hi-tech products

155.0

8.6

Import volume

817.9

-6.0

General trade

582.5

-7.8

Processing trade

141.4

-2.2

Mechanical and electronic products

145.1

-3.0

  While the increase of exports to European and American markets speeded up noticeably, the increase of exports to emerging markets slowed down (See Table 8).

Table 8 Imports from and Exports to Major Countries and Regions in 2014

Country or Region

Exports

(100 million dollars)

Growth Rate over 2013 (%)

Imports

(100 million dollars)

Growth Rate over 2013 (%)

European Union

626.8

15.1

96.6

-5.1

ASEAN

227.0

12.6

105.0

-10.2

United States

461.5

11.5

62.0

-5.3

Japan

127.1

-4.6

93.0

-8.4

Russia

93.3

0.3

11.7

-9.9

Korea

62.7

7.2

73.4

-1.3

Hong Kong, China

58.3

-1.4

2.2

-20.2

Taiwan, China

28.3

7.8

98.5

-10.5

  In 2014, a total of 1,550 direct foreign investment projects were approved in Zhejiang Province, 22 less than that in the previous year. The contracted foreign investment and the actual foreign investment amounted to 24.4 billion and 15.8 billion dollars, up 0.1% and 11.6% over the previous year respectively. The tertiary industry maintained great momentum in terms of utilizing foreign investment since the contracted foreign investment and the actual foreign investment reached 14.5 billion and 9.8 billion dollars, with a decrease of 3.7% and an increase of 24.3% over 2013 respectively. They accounted for 59.5% and 62.0% of the total foreign investment, with a decrease of 2.4% and an increase of 6.4% year-on-year respectively.

  The accomplished business revenue through overseas contracted projects reached 5.18 billion dollars, up 17.6% over the previous year, while the actual income of contract workers was 160 million dollars, up 46.9% over the previous year. 577 overseas investment enterprises and projects, 9 more than that of the previous year, were examined and approved with Chinese investment totaling 5.82 billion dollars, increasing by 5.4%. The actual overseas direct investment by Zhejiang investors was 3.48 billion dollars, up 45.2% over the previous year.

VII. Transportation, Postal Services, Telecommunications and Tourism

  In 2014, the added revenue of transportation, warehousing and postal services amounted to 151.7 billion yuan, up 8.0% over the year of 2013.

  The freight turnover volume of railway, highway, and waterway transportation added up to 954.8 billion tons per kilometer, with an increase of 6.7% over 2013. The passenger turnover volume added up to 107.7 billion passengers per kilometer, with a rise of 5% (See Table 9); the volume of freight handled by ports reached 1.39 billion tons, an increase of 0.7% on a year-on-year basis, among which those handled by coastal ports and river ports achieved 1.08 billion tons and 0.31 billion tons, up 7.5% and down 17.5% over the previous year respectively.

Table 9Freight and Passenger Transportation Volume  

   

Unit

Absolute Volume

Growth Rate over 2013 (%)

Freight Turnover Volume

100 million tons/kilometer

9548

  6.7

Railways

100 million tons/kilometer

223

  -17.5

Highways

100 million tons/kilometer

1419

  7.4

Waterways

100 million ton/kilometer

7906

  7.5

Passenger Turnover Volume

100 million Passengers/kilometer

1077

  5.0

Railways

100 million Passengers/kilometer

513

  17.4

  -4.3

  12.0

Highways

100 million Passengers/kilometer

558

  -4.3-6.0

Waterways

100 million Passengers/kilometer

6

  9.2-4.2

Passenger Turnover Volume of Civil Aviation

10 thousand passengers

4132

  12.8

  The total turnover of postal and telecommunications services totaled 168.45 billion yuan, with a growth of 31% over the previous year, which included 53.88 billion yuan in postal services and 114.57 billion yuan in telecommunications services, up 64.3% and 19.6% respectively. At the end of 2014, the total capacity of fixed telephone line exchanges was 17.69 million lines, down by 8.44 million lines over the previous year, while the total capacity of mobile telephone exchanges reached 111.41 million households, up by 3.34 million households over the previous year. Mobile telephone subscribers numbered 73.71 million, including 2.99 million new subscribers, with a popularity rate of 134.6 lines per one hundred people. The number of fixed telephone users was 16.42 million, 1.39 million less than that of 2013 with a popularity rate of 30 lines per one hundred people. At the end of 2014, the number of Internet users was 63.71 million, with an increase of 3.73 million over the previous year, including 12.76 million users of fixed internet broadband access with an increase of 0.33 million users.

  In 2014, the total revenue of tourism amounted to 630.1 billion yuan, up 13.8% over the previous year. Throughout 2014, 0.479 billion person-times of domestic tourists were received, up 10.2% over 2013 and the revenue from domestic tourism totaled 594.7 billion yuan, up 14.3%, while 9.31 million person-times of international tourists were received with an increase of 7.5%. Foreign exchange revenue from international tourism hit 5.75 billion dollars, up 6.7% over 2013 (See Table 10).

Table 10 Tourists Received in Zhejiang between 2008 and 2014

Year

Inbound Tourists

(10 thousand person-times)

Domestic Tourists

(100 million person-times)

2008

540

2.09

2009

571

2.44

2010

685

2.95

2011

2012

2013

2014

774

866

866

931

3.43

3.91

4.34

4.79

VIII. Finance, Securities and Insurance

  By the end of 2014, the total deposit balance of renminbi and foreign currencies in financial institutions amounted to 7.9242 trillion yuan, up 7.5% over 2013, wherein the deposit balance of renminbi increased by 7.2%. The total loan balance ofrenminbi and foreign currencies in financial institutions amounted to 7.1361 trillion yuan, up 9.2% over 2013, wherein the loan balance of renminbi increased by 9.5%. The total savings balance of renminbi and foreign currencies for individuals amounted to 3.1167 trillion yuan, a 6.2% increase on a year-on-year basis (See Table 11).

Table 11 Savings Deposits and Loans of RMB and Foreign Currenciesin All Financial Institutions in 2014

Indicators

Year-end Amount

(100 Million Yuan)

Growth Rate over 2013 (%)

Total deposit balance

79242

7.5

Deposits of enterprises

41593

6.4

Deposit balances of individuals

31167

6.2

Total loan balance

71361

9.2

Short-term loans

40233

1.5

Medium- & long-term loans

28267

19.1

  By the end of 2014, there were altogether 266 domestic listed companies in the whole province with an accumulated capital of 370.6 billion yuan. Among them, there were 123 small- and medium-sized listed companies, taking up 16.8% of the total of small- and medium-sized listed companies in China, and 41 listed companies on GEM, accounting for 10.1%.

  The insurance industry achieved the premium of 125.8 billionyuan in 2014, up 13.4% year-on-year, among which property insurance premium reached 58.4 billionyuan with a growth rate of 14.2%, and life insurance premium 67.4 billion yuan with a growth rate of 12.7%. The total insurance indemnity expenditure and payment added up to 47.5 billion yuan, up 5.2% over the previous year, including an indemnity of 35 billion yuan in property insurance, an indemnity of 12.5 billion yuan in life insurance.

IX. Education, Science and Technology

  The province had 3,344 primary schools, enrolling 0.598 million new students. The total enrollment reached 3.545 million students, with an increase of 1.4% (about 49,000 students), achieving an enrollment rate of 99.99% for primary school students. The average share of primary school area per student was 7.8 square meters; the average share of library books per student was 25.9, with every one hundred students equipped with 16.4 computers. The proportion of primary schools with stadiums that reached standards was 95.4%, with an increase of 1.6% over the previous year, and the proportion of primary schools with campus intranets reached 98.8%, with a rise of 0.9%. In the whole province there were 1,719 middle schools with a total enrollment of 50,400 students, 8,000 less than the previous year, with a decrease of 1.6%. Students enrolled in middle schools totaled 1.499 million, and the proportion of students who finished primary schools and then enrolled in middle schools was 99.95%. The average share of middle school area per student was 16.9 square meters, and the average share of library books per student was 42.2 with every one hundred students equipped with 26 computers. The proportion of middle schools with stadiums that met the standard summed up to 96.3%, with an increase of 1.2% over the previous year, and 98.3% of the middle schools possessed campus intranets, with a 0.7% year-on-year decrease.

  1.439 million of the enrolled students at primary and middle schools for compulsory education were children of migrant workers, up 2.9% over the previous year, and 1.03 million or 71.6% of these students were enrolled in public schools. Among these migrant workers’ children, 1.145 million were enrolled in primary schools and 0.294 million in middle schools, increased by 26,000 students (or 2.3%) and 15,000 students (or 5.4%) respectively.

  There were 375 vocational secondary schools of various types in the province and they newly admitted 0.246 million students, with a total enrollment of 0.748 million students. There were 561 high schools enrolling 0.252 million new students, with 0.791 million students enrolled altogether and 0.297 million students finishing high schools.

  In 2014, there were 107 higher learning institutes (including independent colleges and institutions that are to be established) in the province. The enrollment ratio for graduate students, undergraduates and junior college students was 1: 7.6: 6.5. The college admission rate stood at 85.8%, equaling that of the previous year. The gross enrollment rate for higher education institutes reached 54% and increased by 2.3% over the previous year. The enrollment for graduate students was 20,164, including 2,343 doctoral students and 17,821 students pursuing master’s degrees, with an increase of 629 students (3.2%) year-on-year. The total number of enrolled postgraduate students reached 60,511, including 10,634 doctoral students and 49,877 students pursuing master’s degrees, with arise of 2,710 students (4.7%) over the previous year. The undergraduate enrollment was 284,000 students, up 0.4% on a year-on-year basis, with a ratio of 53.7 to 46.3 between four-year college/university students and two-year junior college students. The total number of enrolled undergraduates reached 978,000, and increased by 1.9%, and the number of graduates increased by 3.7%, to 254,000.

  There were 0.31 million primary and secondary school teachers for compulsory education in the province, with a rise of 3% over the previous year. There were 33,000 vocational secondary school teachers, and the ratio between students and teachers was 16.1 to 1. 95.8% of the teachers at vocational secondary schools had academic qualifications, with an increase of 1% over the previous year. The proportions of teachers with both teaching and vocational certificates in full-time teachers and faculty members were 39.3% and 75.8% respectively, up 1.1% and 1.6% over the previous year. 44.4 of the full-time teachers in higher education institutes had associate senior titles or above, with an increase of 0.1% over 2013, and 76.3% of the teachers had master’s degrees or above, a growth of 1.9% over the previous year.

  There were 8,871 kindergartens in the province accommodating 1.858 million children. There were 112,000 kindergarten teachers, with an increase of 2,000 teachers over the previous year, and 99.6% of the kindergarten teachers were qualified, with a year-on-year increase of 0.3%.

  The expenditure on scientific and technological activities was estimated at 147 billion yuan in 2014, up 13.7% over 2013, accounting for 3.66% of the regional GDP. The expenditure on research and development (R&D) took up 2.34% of the regional GDP, increasing by 0.16% over 2013. The investment in science and technology reached 20.8 billion yuan, increasing by 8.4% over 2013. The provincial financial allocation for science and technology expenditure occupied 4.03% of provincial financial expenditures.

  There were 77 nationallyrecognized enterprise-based technology centers in the province, and the total number of hi-tech enterprises reached 6,232, including 1,101 newly recognized ones. 78 provincial-level innovation-based pilot enterprises were added into the total number of 492, and 50 new demonstration companies into the total number of 296. Throughout the year, 261,000 patent applications were filed, 189,000 of which were granted, decreasing by 11.1% and 6.8% over 2013 respectively.

X. Culture, Public Health and Sports

  By the end of 2014, there were 98 public libraries, 102 public cultural centers, 148 museums, and 57 artistic performance groups supervised by the Provincial Department of Culture. There were 78 provincial-level or city-level radio stations, 78 provincial-level or city-level TV stations, and 66 county-level radio & TV stations. There were 14.95 million cable TV subscribers, up 3.0% year-on-year. Radio broadcasting and television broadcasting coverage rates reached 99.6% and 99.65%respectively. A total of 38 films were issued public screening permits, and 2,717 episodes of 62 TV serials and 1,750 episodes (19,020 minutes in total) of 41 animated TV serials were issued licenses for release. Revenues of the radio and TV industry throughout the province hit 34 billion yuan, with an increase of 10.2% over the previous year, including the box-office income of 2.361 billion yuan, an increase of 30.9%. In 2014, the movie audience totaled 64.26 million person-times, and 287,000 showings of films were completed in rural areas. There were 14 publishing houses, publishing altogether 12,963 types of books, printing a total of 368 million copies, with a drop of 3.9% over the previous year. 69 types of newspapers were circulated and 223 periodicals were published.

  By the end of 2014, there were 30,000 public health institutions (including village health centers) throughout the province. There were a total of 213,000 beds in hospitals at various levels, and the number of medical workers increased by 6.5%, up to 375,000, among whom 145,800 were practicing physicians and assistant physicians, and 145,100 were registered nurses, with an increase of 5.4% and 9.4% respectively. 239.32 million person-times were treated throughout the year increasing by 8.0% over the previous year. The death rate for pregnant women giving birth and that of children aged 5 years or less was 5.52/100,000 and 5.29‰ respectively. The provincial-level hospital reservation center had 1.254 million new users and 5.442 million reservations, with a success rate of 73.3% (3.99 million reservations). By the end of 2014, the reservation system had 3.39 million registered members and 13.73 million reservations in total, obtaining a success rate of 70% (namely 9.6 million successful cases). Through the reservation center patients can make reservations in 194 hospitals province-wide.

  In 2014, athletes of the province won 9 world championships, 21 Asian championships, and 148 national championships. 24 provincial-level youth sports clubs and 12 youth outdoor sports camps were founded. By the end of the year, the province had 384 provincial-level and 142 national-level youth sports clubs, 49 provincial-level and 5 national-level youth outdoor sports camps. Throughout the year, sports lottery ticket sales hit 10.72 billion yuan, up 24.2% (or 2.09 billion yuan) over the previous year.

XI. Population, People’s Living and Social Security

  According to the sampling survey on population changes in 2014, the permanent population in ZhejiangProvince at the end of 2014 was 55.08 million, with an increase of 0.18% over the previous year. The male population numbered 28.276 million, accounting for 51.3% of the total while the female population was 26.804 million, taking up 48.7%. The year of 2014 saw 578,000 births with a birth rate of 10.51‰, and 303,000 deaths witha death rate of 5.51‰. The natural population growth of the year totaled 275,000 with a natural growth rate of 5.00‰. The urbanization rate was 64.87%, with a rise of 0.87% over the previous year.

  According to the sampling survey on urban and rural residents in Zhejiang, the per capita disposable income of all the residents in 2014 amounted to 32,658 yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 9.7% and 7.4% after price factors were deducted. The per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents reached 40,393 yuan and 19,373 yuanrespectively, a year-on-year increase of 8.9% and 10.7%, and 6.8% and 8.3% after the deduction of price factors. The median per capita disposable income of all the residents was 28,580 yuan, an increase of 3,370 yuanover the previous year, up 13.4%. The median per capita disposable income of urban residentsand rural residents was 36,404yuan and 18,460yuan, an increase of 3,656 yuan(up 11.2%) and 2,581 yuan(up 16.3%) over the previous yearrespectively. (See Figure 6)

  The per capita consumption expenditures of all the residents were 22,552yuan with an increase of 9.4% over the previous year and 7.1% after the deduction of price factors.The per capita consumption expenditures of urban and rural residents reached 27,242 yuan and 14,498 yuan, withan increase of 7.9% and 13.2% over the previous year, and 5.8% and 10.8% after the deduction of price factorsrespectively.

  The per capita housing construction area of urban residents was 40.9 square meters, and the per capita living floor space of rural residents was 61.5 square meters.

  In 2014, the total number of basic old-age insurance participantswas 24.426 million, the number of urban workers covered by basic medical insurance amounted to 19 million. The number of participants in unemployment insurance, work accident insurance and maternity insurance increased by 1.7 million, 1.09 million, 0.658 million, 0.734 million and 0.758 million to 24.426 million, 19 million, 12.104 million,18.994 million and 12.489 million respectively. The per capita basic pensions for retired enterprise workers amounted to more than 2,500yuanper month. The basic standard pension was raised to 100 yuan. The monthly unemployment insurance amounted to 1,097 yuan in Zhejiang. The monthly standard pension for deceased workers’ family members was raised to 110 yuan.

  By the end of 2014, a total of 25.275 million people participated in the new cooperative medical care system, with a participation rate of 97.7%. The fund-raising standard for the system reached 649 yuan per person, among which 453 yuan (70% of the total) came from financial subsidies. The per capita subsidy from governmentsat various levelsin co-coordinating areas was above the provincial average standard of 330 yuan, some even exceeding 700 yuan. The maximum medical payment added up to over eight times as much as the per capita net income of local rural residents and no less than 80,000 yuan.

  By the end of 2014, the registered number of residents living on minimum subsistence allowances reached 605,000 in Zhejiang, among whom 64,000 were urban residents and 541,000 rural residents (including 29,000 “Five-Guarantee Households”). The total sum of subsistence allowances reached 2.19 billion yuan. The monthly average subsistence allowance was 587 yuan per urban resident and 487 yuan per rural resident, up 11.6% and 20% over the previous year respectively. 96,000 seriously-disabled from the low-income families received 0.48 billion yuansubsistence allowances, up 7.8% and 20% respectively.

  A total of 0.98 billion yuan was apportioned for medical aid funds, an increase of 0.11 billion yuanyear-on-year and0.457 billion yuan was invested to increase 37,000 beds and construct 8,147 community old-age service centers.

  The sales of welfare lottery tickets amounted to 13.78 billion yuan, an increase of 1.33 billion yuan over the previous year anda total of 3.82 billion yuan was raised as public welfare funds.

XIIResources, Environmental Protection and Social Security

  In 2014 the average precipitation throughout Zhejiang Province was 1767.2 millimeters (equivalent to 183.086 billion cubic meters of precipitation). The total water supply was 113.385 billion cubic meters, 18.7% more than the annual mean precipitation which was 95.5 billion cubic meters; and the average water supply per capita amounted to 2,059 cubic meters.

  With an decrease of 4.8% over 2013, a total of 59.05 thousand hectares were afforested or reforested, among which 27.06 thousand hectares were afforested by manpower, 12.23 thousand hectares of non-forest land and sparsely afforested land were closed for nurturing, and 19.76 thousand hectares of slash was renewed. The forest area turned out to be 241.5 thousand hectares throughout the province, with an increase of 7.28% over the previous year. A total of 68.005 million trees were planted voluntarily, remaining the same as the previous year. According to the 2013 Annual Survey of Forest Resources in Zhejiang Province, the forest coverage rate was 60.89% (including bush forests). Besides, the area where soil erosion is being newly controlled increased by 688 square kilometers in the province.

  Throughout the province, there were 9 radar meteorological observation stations, 25 satellite cloud image receiving stations, and 1,883 regional automatic meteorological observation stations. There were 69.7 hazy days on average in the province, a decrease of 14.3 days over last year. The annual average concentration of ambient air PM2.5 in 11prefecture-level cities was 53 µg/m3, down 13.1% over the previous year; The air quality in 11 prefecture-level cities reached AQI standard or above in 60.8-94.0% of the days (on average 75.5%); and air qualityin 69 cities at the county level or above reached AQI standard in 56.0-97.8% of the days (on average 81.1%).

  63.8 % of the 221 province-controlled cross sections met the national water quality standard from Level I to Level III, remaining the same as last year; and the water quality of 67.4% of them met the requirements of target water quality for functional areas of water environment. The water quality of 85.0% of centralized drinking water sources at the county level or above reached the standard, and the water quality of 87.8% of centralized drinking water sources in prefecture-level cities reached the standard. Throughout the province, there were 145 executive areas with rivers flowing across, of which 67.5% met the requirements of target water quality for functional areas of water environment. With the construction of fire-free zones, cities at the county level or above almost completed the fire-free area delineation. There were 18 red tides in the offshore areas of Zhejiang, a total area of about 1720 square kilometers, including 5 harmful red tides which influenced an area of 242 square kilometers. In comparison with last year, red tide occurrences increased.

  Throughout the province, the volume of sewage discharges in cities reached 2.828 billion cubic meters, up 2.8% over the previous year; the volume of sewage water treatment in cities hit 2.539 billion cubic meters, up 4.3% over last year; the urban sewage treatment rate reached 89.8%, with an increase of 1.21% over the previous year; the treatment rate of household garbage in cities reached 99.8%, with a rise of 0.51% over the previous year; the urban water supply coverage was 99.9%; the urban gas penetration rate was 99.6%. The per capita green area reached 12.77 meters, an increase of 3.4% year-on-year.

  This year the province established 16 national-level ecological counties, 8 national-level model cities of environmental protection,581 national-level ecological towns and villages, 57 provincial level ecological counties, 10 provincial-level model cities of environmental protection, and 1038 provincial-level ecological towns and villages in total.

  The annual energy consumption of industrial enterprises above the designated size declined by 0.2% compared with last year, and the per-unit added energy consumption for industrial enterprises dropped 6.7%. Among them, the energy consumption of enterprises consuming more than 1,000 tons of standard coal and that of major monitored energy-intensive enterprises both fell 1.9% over last year, with the per-unit added energy consumption for these two kinds of enterprises dropping by 6.9% and 6.7% respectively.

   Throughout the year,a total of 17,752 accidents of various types occurred in Zhejiang, causing 5,023 deaths, and 17,283 injuries, down 6.2%,9.0%and 7.2% year-on-year respectively. Among them, there were 40serious accidents, causing 146 deaths,with a decrease of 6 accidents and 40 deathsover the previous year; and there was one extremely serious accident with 16 deaths, an increase of 1 accident and 16 deaths on a year-on-year basis. In addition, there were 17,163 road traffic accidents, causing 4,419 deathsand 17,256 injuries, with a decline of 6.2%, 9.2%and 7.2%year-on-yearrespectively.

Notes:

  1.All the data in this Communiqué were preliminary statistics collected at the beginning of the year.  

  2.The absolute provincial GDP and added value of various industries as quoted in this Communiqué were calculated at current prices whereas their growth rates were calculated at comparable prices. The classification of three economic sectors was based on the Classification of Three National Economic Sectors developed by the National Bureau of Statistics in 2012. The data of the provincial GDP in 2013 were revised according to the results of the National Economic Census.

  3.Other service sectors, as one component of the tertiary industry, include information transmission, computer services and software sector, leasing and business services, scientific research, technical support and geological exploration, water supply, environment and public facilities management, resident services and other related services, education, health, social security and social welfare, culture, sports and entertainment, as well as public management and social organization.

  4.Fertilizers refer to agricultural nitrogen, phosphate, potash fertilizers plus their own standard varieties converted by the active contents in their actual quantity.

  5.In the fourth quarter of 2012, after implementing the reform of the household survey on urban-rural integration and standardizing the name, classification and statistical criteria of urban and rural residents’ income, the National Bureau of Statistics directly conducted a survey with a sample of 6,200 urban and rural households in Zhejiang province. Therefore, the comparable disposal income per capita of all urban and rural residents in Zhejiang province and that of permanent residents were calculated according to the new standards.

  6.The median of average disposable income per capita refers to the very middle amount by arranging the disposable income per capita of all surveyed families from the highest to the lowest.

  7.The statistical scope of various accidents include accidents of industrial and mining enterprises as well as commercial enterprises, road traffic, water traffic, fishery ships, and off-railway accidents, while the statistical scope of larger ones include accidents of industrial and mining enterprises as well as commercial enterprises, road traffic, water traffic, fire, marine traffic, fishery ships and off-railway accidents.

Data Sources:

  In this Communiqué, data of newly employed people, registered unemployment rate and social security in urban areas were from Zhejiang Human Resources and Social Security Department; financial data were from Zhejiang Provincial Department of Financedata of aquatic products and offshore red tides from Zhejiang Ocean and Fisheries Bureau; data of major grain-producing areas, comprehensive areas for modern agriculture, established leading industrial demonstration areas and established agricultural parks for featured fine products, data of the Farmers’ Mailbox, leading agricultural enterprises and land circulation rate from Zhejiang Agricultural Department. Data of the projects for building beautiful countryside, disposal of rural household garbage and sewage, numbers of rural tourist villages and numbers of farmers attending the quality promotion project were collected from Zhejiang Office of Agriculture and Rural Areas; data of market exchange and trade volume came from Zhejiang Administration for Industry and Commerce; imports and exports data were from Hangzhou Municipal Customs; data of foreign direct investment, overseas direct investment, overseas contracted projects and overseas labor contracts came from Zhejiang Department of Commerce. Data of freight turnover, passenger turnover and cargo throughput of ports were from Zhejiang Transport Department; data of postal services were from Zhejiang Provincial Postal Administration; data of telephone lines and users as well as internet users were from Zhejiang Communications Administration Bureau. Tourist data were offered by Zhejiang Tourism Bureau; data of currency and finance by Hangzhou Central Branch of the People’s Bank of China. Data of listed companies were given by Zhejiang Bureau of China Securities Regulatory Commission and data of insurance by Zhejiang Bureau of China Insurance Regulatory Commission. Data of education stemmed from Zhejiang Education Department; data of technical enterprise centers, high-tech enterprises, innovation-based pilot enterprises, model enterprises and patents from Zhejiang Science and Technology Department; data of artistic performance groups, public libraries, cultural centers and museums from Zhejiang Department of Culture; data of radio, television, movies, newspapers, magazines and books from Zhejiang Bureau of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television. Data of sports and the sum of sports lottery from Zhejiang Sports Bureau; data of health and the new rural cooperative medical care system were from Zhejiang Health and Family Planning Commission; data of minimum living allowances, five-guarantee households, social services and assistance, and welfare lottery from Zhejiang Civil Affairs Bureau; data of water resources and the area of water loss and soil erosion under control from Zhejiang Water Resources Department; data of forest resources from Zhejiang Forestry Department. Meteorological data were from Zhejiang Meteorological Administration; data of ecological construction and environmental monitoring from Zhejiang Environmental Protection Department; data of urban sewage and household garbage treatment, water consumption rate and natural gas penetration rate, and public green area per capita from Zhejiang Department of Housing and Urban-rural Development. Data of occurrences of various accidents, death toll and direct financial damages came from Zhejiang Administration of Work Safety; data of price, grain growing areas and yields, numbers of pigs raised and sold, income of urban and rural residents, and per capita housing area from Zhejiang Survey Office of National Bureau of Statistics. All the other data were collected by Zhejiang Provincial Bureau of Statistics.

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