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Zhejiang Makes New Breakthroughs in Transportation by Carrying out Five Major Constructions
2014-01-11 10:19:00

1.Major Ports

     Zhejiang boasts the unique conditions for developing port transportation. The 6,646 -kilometer-long coastal line accounts for 21% of the national total length. The coastal line with deep-water stretch, where ports are planned to be built, is 506 kilometers long. Zhejiang has an extended network of waters, with inland navigable waterway mileage of 9,750 kilometers. The high grade waterways including those of Grade four and above are 1386 kilometers long. The rich transportation resources of deep-water ports and inland navigable waterways for evacuating cargoes along with the location at the T-junction of Yangzi River Economic Zone and East Coastal Economic Zone constitute Zhejiang’s outstanding advantages in resources and regional location.

  There are four coastal ports in Zhejiang, namely Ningbo-Zhoushan, Wenzhou, Taizhou and Jiaxing. By the end of 2011, there had been 173 berths for over 10,000-ton class vessels ( excluding Yangshan port area) with the yearly integrated throughput of 0.83 billion tons. Currently, there are 7 inland major ports, namely, Hangzhou Port, Huzhou Port, Jianxing inland river Port, Shaoxing Port, Ningbo inland River Port, Jinhualanxi Port, Lishuiqintian Port, with an integrated throughput of 0.41 billion tons.

    By the end of 2011, Zhejiang’s waterway shipping capacity had reached 20.78 million DWT, of which the coastal special ships and one-thousand tonnage ships reached 14.48 million D.W.T. The average tonnages of the coastal and inland waterway transportation vessels reached 4,864 tons and 206 tons respectively. Being large and specialized continues to be the trend of developing transportation vessels.

    In 2011, the whole province completed the waterway passenger transportation of 35 million persons, 644 million passenger-km, a year on year increase of 9.9% and 6.8% respectivelythe volume of waterway freight transportation of 0.73 billion tons, 688.8 billion ton-km. In 2011, the coastal ports across the province handled cargoes of 0.87 billion tons, the inland river ports handled 0.36 billion tons, a year on year increase of 10.0 and 5.1 respectively. The coastal ports handled containers of 15.886 million TEUs, a year on year increase of 13.1%. Ningbo-Zhoushan Port handled cargoes of 694 million tons, a year on year increase of 9.6%, containers of 14.719 million TEUs, a year on year increase of 12%. The container routes of the port hit 239, among which 130 are ocean going routes connected to more than 600 ports in over 100 countries and areas all over the world.

2. Network of Major Roads

   Highway transportation is an important part of the integrated transportation system. Based on the general plan of “Five Major Constructions” of modern transportation by CPC Zhejiang Provincial Committee and the provincial government, the highway construction will focus on being part of Yangzi River Delta, reaching the adjacent provinces, coordinating urban, rural and regional development, strengthening the economic power of Zhejiang and ensuring the smooth construction of a modern Zhejiang with both material and spiritual wealth with an infallible highway transportation system.

1) Basics of highways in Zhejiang

  Up to the end of 2012, the total length of roads across the province had been 113,550 kilometers. Rated administratively, there  are national roads of 4,205 kilometers, provincial roads of 6,245 kilometerscounty roads of 27,782 kilometerstown roads of 18,740 kilometersroads for special uses of 694 kilometersvillage roads of 55,884 kilometers. Rated technically, there are highways of 3,618 kilometersfirst-class roads of 4,903 kilometerssecond-class roads of 9,447 kilometersthird-class roads of 7,836 kilometersfourth-class roads of 55,151 kilometersquasi fourth-class roads of 29,069 kilometersnone-class roads of 3,527 kilometers. The provincial road density is 111.54 kilometers per hundred square kilometers. Towns and village roads are 100% open with 100% traffic fluency rate , the roads to administrative villages are 99.59% open with 99.56% traffic fluency rate . There are 46,669 bridges of 2,432,092 linear meters1,370 tunnels of 865,974 linear meters. Second class and above roads across the province account for 15.82% of the provincial total road mileage, surfaced roads and simply surfaced roads(including high class , sub high class surfaces) account for 97.13% of the total road mileage.

  2) General approach, goals and tasks of developing road industry during 2013-2017

General Approach

   Holding high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, following the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of Three Represents and the Scientific Outlook on Development, based on the overall plan of “promoting five constructions, constructing five systems” by the CPC leading group of the Department of Transport, to construct the road network, to deepen the construction of roads with five characteristics (namely, good quality, road safety, ecological civilization, human-centered service, law-based management), to promote with all efforts the six projects, work strenuously for beautiful roads, so as to provide a solid road transportation guarantee for realizing a modern Zhejiang rich materially and spiritually.

Goals and Tasks

A. To improve the Road Network

   Construct and improve a road network with reasonable structure and sufficient capacity, with highways being its framework, national and provincial roads its support, and countryside roads its foundation, capable of serving solidly the construction of modern integrated transportation system and provincial economic and social development.

B. To improve the Road Conditions

    Targeting at maintaining and improving the road technological conditions, focusing on the overall improvement of road management, take steps to achieve scientific means of maintenance, the procedure-based operations of maintenance and the legalized management of road administration, putting in place a modern road management and maintenance system  meeting the demands of road transportation moderately advanced and capable of sustainable development and good service.

C. To Beautify Road Areas

   Integrate the ideas of energy conservation, environment protection, green development, circular development and low-carbon development into the whole process and every aspect of road construction and management. Take effective measures, focus on building a beautiful road environment and advance continually the ecological civilization of road industry.

D. To Secure Road Safety and Traffic Fluency

  With the goals of the procedure-based safe production, the efficient handling of emergency response and the long-term effect of management mechanism of the road industry, guarantee the safe operations of road facilities, strive for an overall improvement of the ability in handling road emergency response and the standard of securing the road safety, ensure that the management of road emergency response and ability in securing road safety and traffic fluency generally meet the demands of economical and social development as well as facilitating people’s safe, convenient and speedy travels.

E. To Achieve Intelligent Management

  Guided by the provincial 12th five-year plan on IT application to transportation and road construction, based on the consolidation of present application achievements, further expand the infrastructure construction, advance the integration and sharing of information resources, construct “intelligent roads”, so as to realize the collaborative management of business, intelligent public services, efficient emergency response direction and scientific decisions of management, to improve comprehensively the integrated road management, road network monitoring and public service abilities.

F.To Improve the Qualities of Staff

    Revolving around promoting the goals of developing scientific development of provincial road industry, focus on the overall improvement of the staff’s comprehensive qualities and make efforts to intensify the construction of grass roots road stations and teams, to build a civilized and honest discipline of business, deepen  core value philosophy of roads, construct basically a cultural system with Zhejiang road characteristics and with certain social impact, so as to provide a strong support for the sound development of road transportation industry.

  3.Major Airports

    Started from scratch in the mid-1950s, the civil aviation in Zhejiang has been developing and continuing to thrive since then. Currently, Zhejiang has three international airports of Hangzhou, Ningbo and Wenzhou, four branch line airports of Yiwu, Taizhou, Zhoushan and Quzhou, along with two general airports of Hengdian in Dongyang, Thousand Islets Lake in Jiande. 207 flight routes have been opened, including 158 domestic ones and 49 international and regional ones. In 2011, the passenger handling capacity of civil airports in the province hit 30.05 million persons, the postal cargo handling capacity was 420,000 tons, ranking 5 on the national comprehensive list. Zhejiang has become an indisputably big province of civil aviation. In 2012, in response to the call of enhancing national power by constructing strong civil aviation, Zhejiang civil aviation implemented the major aviation strategy attempting to build Zhejiang into an aviation power.

(1) Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport is an important regional hub airport in China, an international airport with scheduled flights and first class airport open up to the world. The airport was constructed and put into operation on Dec. 30, 2000. There are two terminals and one runway of 3600m×45m, along with passenger and freight handling facilities. The second phase project includes a newly built runway of 3,400m×60m and the third terminal of 180,000 square meters along with the supporting facilities, which are to be completed and put into use soon.

     Flight routes network has taken shape, reaching over 80 destinations all over the domestic major cities, areas of Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan and East Asia, Southeast Asia and Europe. In 2011, the airport completed the passenger turnover of 17.51 million persons, the postal cargo turnover of 306,000 tons, ranking 10 on the national list.

(2)Located on the Yingxi plain, east of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo Lishe International Airport is an important trunk airport in China. It is 4E class airport with a runway of 3200 meters long and 60 meters wide. With internationally advanced equipments for communication, navigation and surveillance, the airport meets the requirements for takeoffs and landings of large size airplanes like Boeing 747. There is a parking apron with an area of 142,000 square meters, and terminals in use with a total building area of 43500 square meters. Currently, there are 47 flight routes open to service, building a network of routes reaching large and medium-sized domestic cities like Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chendu, Chongqin, Xiamen, Qindao, Dalian as well as Hong Kong and Taiwan. In 2011, it had turnovers of passengers and airfreight of respectively 5.01 million person time and 58,000 tons, ranking 32 on the national list.

(3)Yongqiang Airport in Wenzhou was put into use on July 12, 1990. It covers an area of 140 hectares, of which the parking apron covers 154,000 square meters, the terminal 36500 square meters. The airport has a runway of 2400 meters long, 25 parking bays and 4 boarding hallways, and a 4D-class airfield. Approved by the State Council in June 2011, it has officially become the third international airport in Zhejiang. In 2011, it had turnovers of passengers and postal cargoes of respectively 559 million person time and 49,000 tons, ranking 29 on the national list.

(4)The construction of Taizhou Airport was started in January 1954. It was approved by State Council and Central Military Commission in September 1987 to be used for both civil and military aviation. In October of the same year, a civil flight station was set up, and open to service on Dec.4. The airport is defined to be an important 4C -class branch airport in East China, supporting the takeoffs and landings of type C air crafts with full weight and some of type D air crafts such as Boeing 737, 757, airbus 319, 320, 321, capable of ensuring the yearly passenger turnover of 1.2 million persons. In 2011, it completed the passenger turnover of 628,000 persons and postal cargo turnover of 6,179 tons, ranking 65 on the national list.

(5) Quzhou Airport is located at the suburb of Quzhou City, a transportation hub of the neighbouring provinces, 3 kilometers away from the downtown. It is a 4C-class airport for both civil and military use. The civil flight station was put to use on Nov.26, 1993, and it has since then opened flight routes to Hangzhou, Xiamen, Wenzhou, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing, Nanjin, Qindao and Shenzhen. In 2011, the passenger turnover and postal cargo turnover were 148,000 persons and 263 tons respectively, ranking 119 on the national list.

(6)Located in Zhujiajian island, hometown of sand sculptures, Putuoshan Airport in Zhoushan is only 1.2 kilometers away from Shenjiamen, a most renowned fishing port in the west, 2.5 kilometers away from Putuo Mountain in the north, known as a Buddist Paradise of Sea. The airport covers an area of 200.3 hectares. The aircraft movement area is equipped with a runway of 2500 meters long and a parking apron of 52,000 square meters. It accommodates 8 medium-sized and small-sized aircrafts simultaneously and supports takeoffs and landings of aircrafts of Boeing 757 and below. The domestic terminal covers an area of 6,400 square meters. The annual passengers turnover is 800,000 persons. In 2011, the passenger turnover and postal cargo turnover were 380,000 persons and 2860,000 tons, ranking 81 on the national list.

(7)Yiwu Airport was built and put to use on April 1, 1991. In December of 1993, it was closed for expansion. In December of 1994, the reconstruction was completed and the flight service resumed. Currently the aircraft is of 4C class, supporting the takeoffs and landings of aircrafts like Boeing 737-800 and below. It has successively opened flights to major and medium sized cities like Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Xiamen and Hong Kong. The weekly flights are over 60. In 2011, the passenger turnover and postal airfreight turnover were 760,000 persons and 3,414 tons respectively, ranking 60 on the national list.

4.Waterway Transportation

     Zhejiang boasts the unique conditions for developing port transportation. The coastal line is as long as 6,646 kilometers, which takes 21% of the national total. The deep water stretch of coast, along which ports are planned to be built, is 506 kilometers long. Zhejiang has an extended network of waters, with inland navigable waterway mileage of 9,750 kilometers and high grade waterways (Grade four and above) of 1,386 meters long. The rich transportation resources of deep water ports and inland navigable waterways for evacuating cargoes, the location at the T-junction of Yangzi River Economic Zone and East Coastal Economic Zone are Zhejiang’s most distinctive advantages in resources and geographic location.

  There are four coastal harbours in Zhejiang, namely Ningbo-Zhoushan, Wenzhou, Taizhou and Jiaxing. By the end of 2011, there had been 173 berths with the handling capacity of 10,000 tons (excluding Yangshan port area). Their yearly combined throughput reached 0.83 billion tons. Currently, there are 7 inland major ports, namely Hangzhou Port, Huzhou Port, Jianxing inland river port, Shaoxing Port, Ningbo inland River port, Jinhualanxi port, Lishuiqintian port, with a combined throughput of 0.41 billion tons.

    By the end of 2011, the size of Zhejiang’s waterway shipping capacity had reached 20.78 million DWT, of which the coastal special ships and one-thousand tonnage ships reached 14.48 million DWT. The average tonnage of the coastal and inland waterway transportation vessels reached 4,864 tons and 206 tons respectively. The transportation vessels continue the developing trend of being large-scale and being specialized.

    In the year of 2011, the whole province completed the waterway passenger transportation of 35 million persons, 644 million person kilometer, a year on year increase of 9.9% and 6.8% respectivelythe waterway cargo transportation of 0.73 billion tons, cargo turnover of 688.8 billion ton/kilo. In the year of 2011, the coastal ports across the province handled cargoes of 0.87 billion tons, the inland river ports handled 0.36 billion tons, a year on year increase of 10.0, 5.1 respectively. The coastal ports handled containers of 15.886 million TEUs, a year on year increase of 13.1%. Ningbo-Zhoushan port handled cargoes of 694 million tons, a year on year increase of 9.6%, and it handled containers of 14.719 million TEUs, a year on year increase of 12%. The container routes of the port has hit 239 , among which 130 are ocean going routes connecting over 600 ports in over 100 countries and areas across the world.

5.Logistics

     Zhejiang is a province with developed economy, international trade and good services. According to statistics, the industry of logistics is playing an even more prominent role in the development of provincial service sector, and thus is becoming more and more important in the economic construction. In 2012, the provincial demand for logistics and the added value of logistics industry kept the momentum for quick increase. The added value of the logistics of the whole year was 335 billion yuan, a year on year increase of 8%, accounting for 21.4% of the provincial total of the service sector9.7% of the provincial GDPthe social logistics totaled 1.11 billion yuan, a year on year increase of 8.5%, accounting for 6.3% of the national total. There are over 13000 legal entities of logistics all over the province. Logistics industry is an important productive service sector, closely related to manufacturing, business and trade industries. With the continuous development of economic society, logistics industry has been playing a more and more important role in the way of increasing production efficiency, reducing circulating cost, and satisfying people’s demands.

  1)General Idea

  Making the most of the strengths of Zhejiang province as an economic power, market power and international trade power, Zhejiang should develop a provincial system of transportation and logistics by means of guiding, aiding, supporting and nurturing, which is based on logistics parks, supported by the logistics information platforms, approached by technological criteria, exemplified by the leading enterprises, and oriented to total logistics; transform and promote the traditional transportation industry with modern logistics ideas, organizational modes and technology. In light of the requirements of scientific theory of development, change the development mode of transportation industry and realize the transformation of traditional transportation industry into modern service industry under the guidance of plans, policies, management, service, public opinions and capital.

  2) General Goal

The focus of the logistics construction goal is: to construct three systems. The first is to perfect the network system of logistics knots with the core of logistics parks, the mainstay of logistics centers, the base of distribution centers, the complementing of logistics stations in countryside.

The second is to develop a network of leading enterprises which serves international logistics, regional logistics and distribution logistics.

The third is to construct a service network of public logistics information, adjusting the development of transportation and logistics industry in Zhejiang Province to the provincial needs of economic and social development.

  3) Major Tasks

In the following years, the construction of logistics in Zhejiang mainly involves 10 tasks:

  ²Lay down specific implementation plan for developing logistics industry

  ²Work out a blueprint of the transportation and logistics bases

  ²Expedite the construction of the key bases for transportation and logistics

  ²Expedite the construction of  public logistics information system

  ²Cultivate leading enterprises in modern logistics

  ²Construct concentration, distribution and transportation routes of logistics knots

  ²Construct integrated transportation network and regional distribution network

  ²Streamline the transportation capacity structure, promoting the standardization construction

  ²Promote the construction of honesty and safety system in transportation and logistics industry

  ²Introduce and cultivate competent personnel with expertise in logistics

(4) The main work accomplished in 2012

    First, progress has been made in the construction of port transportation and logistics. The size indicators of shipping capacity have been improved greatly. The structure of shipping capacity has been prominently improved. Special ships and ships with one-thousand tonnage and above reached 17 million DWT, accounting for 75.2% of the provincial total scale of the shipping capacity. The average tonnages of seagoing ships and inland river ships have been increased greatly, reaching 5477 DWT and 212 DWT respectively.

    The advantages of ship transactions over the same business in China were further uplifted. The year round turnover amounted to 7.5 billion yuan. The construction of the provincial shipping transactions platform was promoted orderly and steadily. The shipping transaction service was uplifted to a new level. And its outreach was expanded.

    The port transportation logistics service system was further improved .According to the overall work plan by the provincial government along with the plan for Ocean Economic Demonstration zone and new requirements of constructing Zhoushan Archipelago New Zone, the action plan of constructing port transportation logistics (2012-2015) was drafted. The action plan for constructing major waterway transportation and major ports were studied actively. The preparation and compilation work of Ningbo-Zhoushan port general plan was planned actively and launched. The revision and compiling work plan was made. The plan for deepening the integration of Ningbo Zhoushan ports was laid down and improved. Tracking the development