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Yue Kiln Relics by Shanglin Lake
2012-05-30 14:55:55

Yue Kiln Relics by Shanglin Lake



  As one of the historical sites under state protection, Yue Kiln relics lies 9 km southeast of Cixi's Qiaotou Town, with Guyinding Lake Kiln Relics 3 km away on its southwest, Baiyang Lake Kiln Relic and Shang'ao Lake Kiln Relic 2.5 km away on its east. These relics was located around the Shanglin Lake and surrounded by mountains on the east, south and west. The lake looks like a peach leaf with a perimeter of 20 km, and it enjoys very convenient waterway transport as it is connected with Dongheng River and les eastward to Ningbo port and westward to Jing-Hang Canal. Moreover, there are abundant natural resources on this land (such as porcelain), fertile soil, flourishing grass and trees, and rich fuels. All these advantages make possible the development of porcelain industry.


  Shanglin Lake is the central production base of Yue porcelain and there were about 120 kilns distributed around the lake, which seemed like twinkling stars spotted along the 20-km-long lakeside. The lake is surrounded by the thick mist and situated in high mountains, where there are green trees and roaring waterfalls. In spring, the lake presents a more beautiful scene as thriving fragrant flowers cover these mountains. Clear springs run along the stream and exotic rocks present an impressive image; legendary gods and ghosts are said to have lived here. Shanglin Lake is not only a natural Yue-kiln museum, but a scenic spot combining natural and human beauty.


Products of Yue Kiln

  Products in the Three-Kingdom Dynasty here include jars, kettles and bowls, which were made of hard and rough material with green, green-yellow and brown glaze. In the early period of Tang Dynasty, there were no large-scale kilns, and the porcelain was processed in a rough way and was of very limited variety. In the middle period, the processing method of porcelain was largely improved and people at that time could manufacture relatively porcelains of high-quality. The late period of Tang Dynasty witnessed the unprecedented development of porcelain processing skills when a record large quantity of porcelains was produced. The outstanding achievement of that time is that the people managed to make the "Mise Porcelain". The products of this period, such as pots, jars, bowls, plates, boxes, cups and censers, featured a wide variety, refined processing and charming shape, and they were made of even and semi-transparent glazes of green-yellow, green-grey and green-blue. Most of the porcelains had plain paintings on them, such as the water lily, fish, little birds and even the brown colored drawings. In the Five-dynasty Period, there were far more kinds of porcelains with impressive variations and they became more graceful than ever before. However, the glaze color of the porcelain ware of this time had the same characteristics as before. For instance, the porcelain had plain pictures like the lotus petals, water lilies, dragons and phoenix. In the early period of Northern Song Dynasty, the glaze color of porcelains was transparent and tended to be dark grey. It was fashionable to paint thin-wattle flowers then, which presented free and untrammeled image. In addition to the pictures like the lotus, water weed and peony, the people of that period liked to paint the bird, mandarin duck, parrot, butterfly, dragon, phoenix and human beings on the porcelain. In the late period, the porcelain industry began to decline owing to the deterioration of drawings and glazes, and lack of varieties.


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